Other definitions go beyond mental health to also encompass intellectual, emotional, and spiritual development,13 positive self-perception, feelings of self-worth, and physical health,11,14 and intrapersonal harmony. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is a state of wellbeing where an individual is aware of their abilities, can handle normal stresses in life, is capable of working productively and fruitfully, and is capable of contributing to their community (1). Mental health involves a state of well-being in which individuals are able to cope with the normal stresses that they encounter in everyday life.
Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being, meaning that it influences the way we think, feel, and behave. Mental disorders are serious conditions that affect how you think, mood, and behave. Untreated mental illnesses may lead to severe emotional, behavioral, and physical health problems.
For example, a mental illness may increase the risk of physical health problems, such as stroke, type-2 diabetes, heart disease. Mental health problems may occur as a result of stress, loneliness, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, the death of a loved one, suicidal thoughts, sadness, addiction, ADHD, self-harm, a variety of mood disorders, or other psychiatric disorders, as well as learning disabilities. Poor mental health is also associated with rapid social changes, stressful working conditions, gender discrimination, social isolation, unhealthy lifestyles, physical health conditions, and human rights violations. This is because mental illnesses (like other health problems) are usually episodic, meaning that there are periods of time when you are sick (episodes) and times when you are better or healthier.
People living with such a mental illness will find their mood affects their psychological and mental wellbeing almost daily, often throughout most of the day. Keep in mind, it is possible to have mental illness or bad days, but still be well emotionally. If you are suffering from a mental illness, taking steps to manage stress, build resilience, and improve poor self-esteem may help you to manage symptoms. Emotional health is most related to emotional regulation, mindfulness, and coping skills, and emotional regulation can be used by those with and without mental illness.
Some factors that may help provide a defense against ill mental health include having supportive social relationships, having solid coping skills, having opportunities for social involvement, and having both physical and psychological safety. Basic cognitive and social skills; being able to acknowledge, express, and regulate ones emotions, and to empathize with others; being flexible and capable of dealing with negative life events and functioning in social roles; and having a harmonious body-mind relationship are all essential components of mental health, contributing, to different degrees, to the state of inner balance. Behavioral health is the scientific study of emotions, behaviors, and biology related to an individuals psychological wellbeing, ability to function in daily life, and conception of themselves. There are three health domains (i.e., physical, mental, and social), and each will be defined by the baseline standard (human rights) for functioning and adaptability.
The baseline standards of function in each domain that are proposed here are consistent with Valliants25 criteria that mental health should be conceptualized as being above-normal, defined in terms of several human strengths, not as a lack of weaknesses, including maturity, resilience, positive affect, and subjective well-being. The notion that mental health is more than just the absence of psychiatric disorders (1,8) is agreed upon, whereas equivalences between mental health and wellbeing/functioning are not, and the definition leaves space for various emotive states and flawed function are being developed. The notion of active functioning was also translated, in different definitions and theories about mental health, to being capable of working productively (1,8), and could have led to erroneous conclusions, that a person who is an aging person, or who is physically ill, which makes it impossible to work productively, is by definition not mentally healthy.
Even if many individuals lack diagnosable mental disorders, it is evident that some are more psychologically fit than others. Many fall in between: They are usually healthy, although there might be occasional problems. For some, exercise improves mental health in addition to physical health. We also outline the most common types of mental disorders, including early signs of and treatments for them.
Peak Mental Health also highlights how maintaining and recovering mental health is critical at an individual level, but also across communities and societies around the world. The Action Plan has the overarching aim of promoting mental wellbeing, preventing mental disorders, providing treatment, strengthening recovery, promoting human rights, and reducing the death, illness, and disability of persons suffering from mental disorders. In addition to the healthcare sector, the education, labor, justice, transportation, environment, housing, and social assistance sectors must participate. Realizing that merely changing the place of mental health services from government hospitals to residential homes was not enough to realize the deinstitutionalization ideas, in 1975, the National Institute of Mental Health created the Community Support Programme (CSP) to give funds to communities for setting up a full-service mental health care facility, as well as supports for helping the mentally ill integrate successfully into the society.
Mental health social workers are mental health professionals who are available to help patients and family members to address both mental health issues and the variety of economic or social problems caused by mental illness or mental dysfunction, as well as achieve improved mental health and well-being. NAMI helps educate on mental illnesses and medical problems, as well as working towards the elimination of stigma attached to these disorders. Thirty-one individuals were added, including individuals who had lived experiences with mental illnesses, and the instructors from the Socio-Aetiology of Mental Illness (SAMI) Training Program (funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and comprising a multidisciplinary team of experts with varying interests, including those in the fields of biology, social, and psychological sciences); all these participants were identified through the SAMI/Center on Addiction and Mental Health Network.